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Tineid of Korea
A Study on the tineid moth from Korea
Summary of Korean Tineid Moth Research History
All rights reserved. Copyright 2005 Tineid of Korea [Reuse]

  The family Tineidae belongs to the superfamily Tineoidea and is reported 15 subfamilies, 320 genera, and more than 3,500 known species in the world (Robinson & Nielsen, 1993). Commomly very small to medium-size. The family is classified by the following characters: head vestiture of erect piliform scales; labial palpi with stiff lateral bristles; proboscis very short or even absent, never strongly sclerotized, galeae only loosely associated; hind tibiae with erect and elongate scales on upper surface; adults resting with wings raised tent-like over the body, and with characteristic scuttling run. In the Korean Peninsula, Cho and Kim (Zool. Soc. Kor, 1968) first recorded four species of Tineidae, and 22 species (15 genera, 7 subfamilies) were added by Park (1983, 1990), Korean check list (1994) and Park & Ponomarenko (1996).

  In Korea, 9 subfamilies 20 genera 32 species recognized. Of them, 10 species, Monopis zagulajevi Gaedike, 2000, Monopis weaverella (Scott, 1858), Crypsithyris japonica Petersen & Gaedike, Opogona sacchari (Bojer, 1856), Morophagoides moriutii Robinson, 1986, Scardia amurensis Zagulajev, 1965, Amorophaga sp., Psychoides sp., Dryadaula sp., Erechthias sphenoschista (Meyrick, 1931) are reported for the first time from Korea. Of them, two species, Amorophaga sp., Psychoides sp. and Dryadaula sp. are not identified. And after, Psychoides sp. is confirmed Psychoides gosari Kim & Bae, 2007 sp. nov. Already known species, Nemapogon granella (Linnaeus, 1758), Triaxomasia orientanus (Ponomarenko & Park, 1996), Cephitinea colonella (Erschoff, 1874), Gerontha ampliptera Ponomarenko & Park, 1996, Gerontha borea Moriuti, 1977, Gerontha namhaensis Ponomarenko & Park, 1996, Dasyses barbata (Christoph, 1881), Monopis monachella (Hübner, 1796), Monopis pavlovskii Zagulajev, 1955, Monopis laevigella (Denis & Schiff.), Niditinea baryspilas (Meyrick, 1937), Tinea translucens Meyrick, 1917, Trichophaga tapetzella (Linnaeus, 1758), Erechthias atririvis (Meyrick, 1931), Opogona nipponica Stringer, 1930, Opogona thiadelta Meyrick, 1934, Wegneria cerodelpha Meyrick, 1911, Montescardia kurenzovi (Zagulajev, 1966), Morophaga bucephala (Snellen, 1884), Morophaga fasciculata Robinson, 1986, Morophaga formosana Robinson, 1986, Morophagoides ussuriensis (Caradja, 1920) are redescribed. Sohn(2007) reported Monopis flavidorsalis (Matsumura, 1931), Tinea trinotella Thunberg, 1794, Scardia amurensis Zagulajev, 1965 as new recored species. Byun etc.(2014) reported Monopis crocicapitella (Clemens, 1859) as new recorded species. Lee etc.(2016) reported Monopis congestella (Walker), 1864 as new recorded species. Therefore domestic species are regarded 9 subfamilies 20 genera 36 species.

  The host plants in wild condition, Scardia amurensis injures to Ganoderma applanatum ; Morophaga fasciculata injures to Coriolus sp. , Oligoporus caesius , Phellinus gilvus ; Morophaga bucephala injures to Tyromyces sambuceus , Inonotus tomentosus ; Nemapogon granella injures to Coriolus versicolor ; Dryadaula sp. injures to Cerrena unicolor ; Morophagoides moriutii injures to Coriolus versicolor and dead wood; Psychoides gosari feed on sporangia and leaf of Dryopteris chinensis (Baker) Koidz., D. saxifraga H.Ito, D. bissetiana (Baker) C. Chr., D. crassirhizoma Nakai (Dryopteridaceae), Athyrium yokoscense (Franch. et Sav) Christ (Woodsiaceae) are recognized for the first time. The species, Morophagoides moriutii Robinson, are described immature stage (larva, pupa) with illustrations. The morphological characters of adults, genitalia, wing venation of unknown three female (Gerontha ampliptera, G. borea, G. namhaensis) are also added newly. The species, Tinea translucens Meyrick is confirmed distribution in Korea through dissecting adults after collecting larvae and rearing. New subfamily (Dryadaulinae, Teichobiinae) are added from two species (Dryadaula sp., Psychoides gosari) emerged in laboratory. A total of 27 species except 5 species not examined in this study is dissected, adults and genitalia of both sexes are illustrated. Host plants are listed. Distribution map, a keys to all known species in Korea are provided. Also illustration of adults, venations, male and female genitalia and immature stages are provided.

종명 (Species) 먹이원 (Food stuff)
Scardia amurensis
Ganoderma applanatum 잔나비불로초(잔나비걸상)
Morophaga fasciculata
Coriolus sp. (구름버섯류), Oligoporus caesius (푸른손등버섯), Phellinus gilvus (마른진흙버섯)
Morophaga bucephala
Tyromyces sambuceus (명아주개떡버섯), Inonotus tomentosus (시루뻔버섯속)
Nemapogon granella
Coriolus versicolor 구름버섯
Psychoides gosari
Drypteris chinensis (가는잎족제비고사리), Drypteris saxifraga (바위족제비고사리), Drypteris bissetiana (산족제비고사리), Dryopteris crassirhizoma (관중), Athyrium yokoscense (뱀고사리)
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